Plants produce their food by taking raw materials from their surroundings, such as minerals, carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight. There are two modes of nutrition: Autotrophic – Plants exhibit autotrophic nutrition and are called primary producers. Plants synthesize their food by using light, carbon dioxide, and water.
Back Excercise Page no – 9
1. Why do organisms take food?
All organisms require energy for their life processes. Plants prepare their food and acquire nutrients from abiotic components like soil, air, water and sunlight. On the other hand, animals need to get food from either plants or other animals to obtain nutrients; hence, animals need to take food to acquire nutrition and energy.
2. Distinguish between a parasite and a saprophyte.
|Acquire nutrition from dead and decaying matter.||Parasites live on or in a host and get their food at the expense of their host.|
|Example: Fungi||Example: Roundworm|
3. How would you test the presence of starch in leaves?
Take two potted plants of the same kind. Keep one in the dark for 72 hours and the other in the sunlight. Perform the iodine test with the leaves of both plants as given below. Now, leave the pot, which was earlier kept in the dark, undisturbed for 3–4 days and perform the iodine test again on its leaves.
Put iodine solution on the leaf.
Blue-black colour will be observed on the leaves of the plant kept in sunlight, which indicates the presence of starch.
Blue-black colour will not be observed on the leaves of plants kept in the darkroom. This indicates the absence of starch.
4. Give a brief description of the process of synthesis of food in green plants.
Green plants use a process called photosynthesis to prepare their food. The process is as follows
- Water is taken from the roots of the plant, and it is transported to the leaves of the plant.
- Carbon dioxide from the air enters the leaves through pores called stomata. This diffuses the cell containing chlorophyll.
- Water molecule is broken down into Hydrogen and Oxygen with the help of sunlight.
- Hydrogen combines with Oxygen and Hydrogen to form carbohydrates.
- Photosynthesis is represented by the following equation.
5. Show with the help of a sketch that plants are the ultimate source of food.
6. Fill in the blanks.
(a) Green plants are called _________________ since they synthesise their own food.
(b) The food synthesized by plants is stored as _________________.
(c) In photosynthesis, solar energy is absorbed by the pigment called ___________.
(d) During photosynthesis, plants take in ______________________ and release __________________ gas.
(a) Green plants are called autotrophs since they synthesize their food.
(b) The food synthesized by plants is stored as starch.
(c) In photosynthesis, solar energy is absorbed by the pigment called chlorophyll.
(d) During photosynthesis, plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen gas.
7. Name the following.
i) A parasitic plant with a yellow, slender and branched stem.
ii) A plant that is partially autotrophic.
iii) The pores through which leaves exchange gases.
ii) Pitcher plant
8. Tick the correct answer.
(a) Cuscuta is an example of:
(b) The plant which traps and feeds on insects is:
(ii) China rose
(iii) pitcher plant
(a) (ii) Parasite
(b) (iii) pitcher plant
9. Match the items given in Column I with those in Column II.
10. Mark ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if it is false.
(i) Carbon dioxide is released during photosynthesis. (T/F)
(ii) Plants that synthesize their food are called saprotrophs. (T/F)
(iii) The product of photosynthesis is not a protein. (T/F)
(iv) Solar energy is converted into chemical energy during photosynthesis. (T/F)
11. Choose the correct option from the following:
Which part of the plant takes in carbon dioxide from the air for photosynthesis?
(i) Root hair (ii) Stomata (iii) Leaf veins (iv) Petals
The answer is (ii) Stomata
12. Choose the correct option from the following:
Plants take carbon dioxide from the atmosphere mainly through their:
(i) roots (ii) stem (iii) flowers (iv) leaves
The answer is (iv) leaves
13. Why do farmers grow many fruits and vegetable crops inside large greenhouses? What are the advantages to the farmers?
Fruits and vegetable crops are grown in large greenhouses because it protects crops from external climatic conditions and provides suitable temperature for the growth of crops.
Advantages to farmers while growing fruits and vegetable crops inside greenhouses are
- It protects crops from diseases and adverse climatic conditions.
- It protects crops from wind and rodents